This programme is designed to complete a holistic and country – wide approach to climate change adaptation in the coastal zones in Samoa. It will provide the vehicle to implement the approved Coastal Infrastructure Management (CIM) Plans on the ground as a practical community based response to at the nationwide scale. The implementation of appropriate responses will be supported by the programme through site specific design of adaptation interventions and active community engagement in the process.
The programme will serve to implement the CIM Strategy, which was originally prepared in 2000 and revised in 2006 to include specific reference to CC related issues. In particular the predicted hazard zones were reviewed against the NAPA data (2005) and inter-alia the Climate Risk Profiles (2007) and reference was made to expected land use impacts from more frequent and intense cyclone events. There is an opportunity under this programme to consider the more details and update climate change projections now available for Samoa. The Strategy which has as its central focus a theme of “resilience”, directs coastal adaptation to focus upon activities which will have a positive effect upon such as managed retreat over “hard” engineered solutions such as seawalls. The CIM Strategy has been endorsed by Cabinet as official policy with respect to coastal management.
The programme has a 3 pronged approach:
- A main focus upon on-the-ground implementation of coastal adaptation measures, addressing climate change impacts on key infrastructure elements and coastal ecosystem in an integrated way. Integration is achieved within the framework of a comprehensive village land use plan-the CIM Plan.
- Strengthen institutional policies and capacities to provide an enabling environment for climate resilient coastal development: and,
- The systematic capture and dissemination of knowledge and lessons learned to aid and inform further implementation and pursuit of climate resilient development
The Government will ensure the sustainability of the project results by integrating climate resilience and adaptation-related activities in the work programming and budgetary planning processes of the relevant sectors. A key feature of the design of this programme has been to build upon either existing institutional processes, structures and frameworks and further strengthen them throughout the programme for the long term maintenance of its results.
Source: AF Programme Design Document